Empowering Firefighting Operations with RFID Technology

Monitoring the status information of fire vehicle personnel and their equipment is a management blind spot for firefighting units. Firefighting units can only rely on manual reporting by firefighters to obtain dynamic information about firefighting vehicles. This management method lacks rigor. Therefore, this article takes the current status of fire vehicle digitalization research as the background, combined with the current development of Internet of Things technology and according to the management needs of firefighting units, the digital needs of firefighting vehicle personnel and equipment can be summarized as follows:

(1) It can accurately help firefighting units obtain information about firefighting vehicles and rescue personnel, water tanks, water tanks and other liquid level status information and geographical location information, and can dynamically and real-time upload information such as the remaining amount of water sources and rescue duration, allowing Firefighting units obtain first-hand information;

(2) In daily management and wartime police dispatch, for the upper equipment of firefighting vehicles, such as fire hoses, fire water cannons, tool kits and other equipment, use the Internet of Things and sensor technology to form a real-time system suitable for carriage-type environments. The inventory system can accurately and quickly inventory the quantity and type of firefighting vehicle equipment, realizing non-manual inventory and digitization of firefighting vehicle equipment management;

(3) The collected data and fire vehicle location information can be uploaded to the cloud platform through the wireless transmission network, and the transmitted data information can be parsed and stored, which can provide fire management personnel with accurate vehicle information dynamics in real time and improve the informatization of vehicles. ;

(4) It has a real-time monitoring platform for the geographical location of fire trucks, personnel and equipment status, and liquid level status. It realizes data visualization through Web technology and APP development, and quickly summarizes, analyzes and stores the dynamic information of fire trucks, and provides digital, scientific and Refined management provides data support.

RFID technology is a non-contact automatic identification technology that uses wireless radio frequency for non-contact two-way data communication to read and write radio frequency cards or electronic tags, thereby completing data exchange between the reader and the identification target.

RFID technology is composed of three parts: reader, electronic tag and application software system. An RFID tag consists of a chip that stores the tag's unique identifier and data associated with it, and an antenna that receives and transmits RFID signals. Tags can be divided into passive tags and active tags according to different application requirements. Passive tags need to receive energy in the electromagnetic field of the reader and writer, and then work through the received energy, and can only perform reading operations. Active tags have built-in batteries and can actively send data, and the reader only needs to receive it. The working principle of an RFID reader is to send electromagnetic waves to the tag. When the electromagnetic wave encounters the tag, the tag receives the energy and sends the information stored in the tag back to the reader.

The advantages of RFID technology are reflected in the following three aspects: First, RFID technology can identify under extreme conditions, such as high temperature, low temperature, humidity or environments with electromagnetic interference; secondly, RFID technology can achieve contactless identification of items, RFID technology can read and write multiple tags at the same time, improving the speed and accuracy of identification; finally, RFID technology can store a large amount of data and can perform read and write operations to achieve dynamic management of item information.

Designed to withstand harsh industrial environments, RFID readers are robust and durable. They can operate in extreme temperatures, resist moisture, dust, and vibration, ensuring reliable performance even in challenging conditions.

In RFID systems, three frequencies are commonly used: low frequency, high frequency, and ultra-high frequency. In this system, ultra-high frequency RFID technology is used to enable vehicle-mounted terminals to identify tagged firefighters and equipment in fire vehicles. Because ultra-high frequency RFID technology can effectively identify long-distance and efficient fire-fighting units, it can effectively reduce the workload of firefighting units.

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